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The concept of open science

Abadal, E.; Anglada, L. (2020). "Ciencia abierta". Anales de Documentación, vol. 23, nº 1. https://revistas.um.es/analesdoc/article/view/378171

Open science represents a paradigm shift in the way science is conducted that involves performing all
stages of scientific research (design, data collection, review, publication, etc.) with an “open” vision.

Our aim is to analyze the evolution of the denomination and the concept of open science from its beginnings (e-science, interconnected science, science 2.0, open science). We also want to determine which are the fundamental elements that make up open science. This is a theoretical research based on the selection and analysis of the most important conceptual documents about open science, which have been found in the Scopus and GoogleScholar databases.

As a result, it is shown that the denominations have undergone more variations than the concept itself. Regarding the components, open science started with four basic elements (open access, open data, open software, reproducibility) that have been extended to the eight that are considered in the model proposed by OSPP recommendations.